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配置中心 -- Nacos 客户端配置获取及监听实现原理

这篇博客我们通过示例来了解学习一下 Nacos 的客户端获取配置以及服务端发送配置的相关流程。

服务端创建配置

在 Nacos 的管理页面我们可以创建如下配置信息

1、在默认命名空间下新建配置

配置中心 -- Nacos 客户端配置获取及监听实现原理

2、编辑配置并发布

配置中心 -- Nacos 客户端配置获取及监听实现原理

客户端获取配置

1、客户端主动获取配置

(1)客户端创建 ConfigService 服务根据 dataId 和 group 来获取配置信息 

示例:根据dataId 和 group 获取相关配置

package com.alibaba.nacos.example;

import java.util.Properties;
import java.util.concurrent.Executor;
import com.alibaba.nacos.api.NacosFactory;
import com.alibaba.nacos.api.config.ConfigService;
import com.alibaba.nacos.api.config.listener.Listener;
import com.alibaba.nacos.api.exception.NacosException;

/**
 * Config service example
 * 
 * @author Nacos
 *
 */
public class ConfigExample {

	public static void main(String[] args) throws NacosException, InterruptedException {
		String serverAddr = "localhost";
		String dataId = "mysql";
		String group = "DEFAULT_GROUP";
		Properties properties = new Properties();
		properties.put(PropertyKeyConst.SERVER_ADDR, serverAddr);
		ConfigService configService = NacosFactory.createConfigService(properties);
		String content = configService.getConfig(dataId, group, 5000);
		System.out.println(content);
	}
}

(2)nacos  服务端在 ConfigController 中提供接口 getConfig 来提供相关配置查询接口

    @RequestMapping(method = RequestMethod.GET)
    public void getConfig(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response,
                          @RequestParam("dataId") String dataId, @RequestParam("group") String group,
                          @RequestParam(value = "tenant", required = false, defaultValue = StringUtils.EMPTY)
                              String tenant,
                          @RequestParam(value = "tag", required = false) String tag)
        throws IOException, ServletException, NacosException {
        // check params
        ParamUtils.checkParam(dataId, group, "datumId", "content");
        ParamUtils.checkParam(tag);

        final String clientIp = RequestUtil.getRemoteIp(request);
        inner.doGetConfig(request, response, dataId, group, tenant, tag, clientIp);
    }

在 ConfigServletInner 的 doGetConfig 方法中会根据 dataId、group、tenant、tag 等进行查询

 public String doGetConfig(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response, String dataId, String group,
                              String tenant, String tag, String clientIp) throws IOException, ServletException {
        //省略部分代码
        ConfigInfoBase configInfoBase = null;
		//省略部分代码
		configInfoBase = persistService.findConfigInfo4Beta(dataId, group, tenant);
		//省略部分代码
                
    }

在 PersistService 的findConfigInfo4Beta 方法中会执行 SQL 从库中查找相关配置信息

    /**
     * 根据dataId和group查询配置信息
     */
    public ConfigInfo4Beta findConfigInfo4Beta(final String dataId, final String group, final String tenant) {
        String tenantTmp = StringUtils.isBlank(tenant) ? StringUtils.EMPTY : tenant;
        try {
            return this.jt.queryForObject(
                "SELECT ID,data_id,group_id,tenant_id,app_name,content,beta_ips FROM config_info_beta WHERE data_id=?"
                    + " AND group_id=? AND tenant_id=?",
                new Object[] {dataId, group, tenantTmp}, CONFIG_INFO4BETA_ROW_MAPPER);
        } catch (EmptyResultDataAccessException e) { // 表明数据不存在, 返回null
            return null;
        } catch (CannotGetJdbcConnectionException e) {
            fatalLog.error("[db-error] " + e.toString(), e);
            throw e;
        }
    }

 

2、客户端监听配置

客户端在启动时候从注册中心获取配置外,也可以主动监听配置中心相关的配置变化

示例代码:

package com.alibaba.nacos.example;

import java.util.Properties;
import java.util.concurrent.Executor;
import com.alibaba.nacos.api.NacosFactory;
import com.alibaba.nacos.api.config.ConfigService;
import com.alibaba.nacos.api.config.listener.Listener;
import com.alibaba.nacos.api.exception.NacosException;

/**
 * Config service example
 * 
 * @author Nacos
 *
 */
public class ConfigExample {

	public static void main(String[] args) throws NacosException, InterruptedException {
		String serverAddr = "localhost";
		String dataId = "mysql";
		String group = "DEFAULT_GROUP";
		Properties properties = new Properties();
		properties.put(PropertyKeyConst.SERVER_ADDR, serverAddr);
		ConfigService configService = NacosFactory.createConfigService(properties);
		String content = configService.getConfig(dataId, group, 5000);
		System.out.println(content);
          //注册监听
		configService.addListener(dataId, group, new Listener() {
			@Override
			public void receiveConfigInfo(String configInfo) {
				System.out.println("recieve:" + configInfo);
			}

			@Override
			public Executor getExecutor() {
				return null;
			}
		});
		
		boolean isPublishOk = configService.publishConfig(dataId, group, "content");
		System.out.println(isPublishOk);
		
		Thread.sleep(3000);
		content = configService.getConfig(dataId, group, 5000);
		System.out.println(content);

		boolean isRemoveOk = configService.removeConfig(dataId, group);
		System.out.println(isRemoveOk);
		Thread.sleep(3000);

		content = configService.getConfig(dataId, group, 5000);
		System.out.println(content);
		Thread.sleep(300000);

	}
}

1、客户端调用 ConfigController 的 listener 的监听接口,与服务端通过 http 建立长连接来监听配置变更

configService.addListener(dataId, group, new Listener() {
            @Override
            public void receiveConfigInfo(String configInfo) {
                System.out.println("recieve:" + configInfo);
            }

            @Override
            public Executor getExecutor() {
                return null;
            }
        });

2、Nacos  服务提供接口 listener 用于客户端注册监听服务(还是基于web 容器的长连接技术)

    /**
     * 比较MD5
     */
    @RequestMapping(value = "/listener", method = RequestMethod.POST)
    public void listener(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
        throws ServletException, IOException {
        request.setAttribute("org.apache.catalina.ASYNC_SUPPORTED", true);
        String probeModify = request.getParameter("Listening-Configs");
        if (StringUtils.isBlank(probeModify)) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("invalid probeModify");
        }

        probeModify = URLDecoder.decode(probeModify, Constants.ENCODE);

        Map<String, String> clientMd5Map;
        try {
            clientMd5Map = MD5Util.getClientMd5Map(probeModify);
        } catch (Throwable e) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("invalid probeModify");
        }

        // do long-polling
        inner.doPollingConfig(request, response, clientMd5Map, probeModify.length());
    }

在 ConfigServletInner 的 doPollingConfig 会根据客户端请求获取 AsyncContext,然后异步建立长连接

    /**
     * 轮询接口
     */
    public String doPollingConfig(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response,
                                  Map<String, String> clientMd5Map, int probeRequestSize)
        throws IOException, ServletException {

        // 长轮询
        if (LongPollingService.isSupportLongPolling(request)) {
            longPollingService.addLongPollingClient(request, response, clientMd5Map, probeRequestSize);
            return HttpServletResponse.SC_OK + "";
        }

        // else 兼容短轮询逻辑
        List<String> changedGroups = MD5Util.compareMd5(request, response, clientMd5Map);

        // 兼容短轮询result
        String oldResult = MD5Util.compareMd5OldResult(changedGroups);
        String newResult = MD5Util.compareMd5ResultString(changedGroups);

        String version = request.getHeader(Constants.CLIENT_VERSION_HEADER);
        if (version == null) {
            version = "2.0.0";
        }
        int versionNum = Protocol.getVersionNumber(version);

        /**
         * 2.0.4版本以前, 返回值放入header中
         */
        if (versionNum < START_LONGPOLLING_VERSION_NUM) {
            response.addHeader(Constants.PROBE_MODIFY_RESPONSE, oldResult);
            response.addHeader(Constants.PROBE_MODIFY_RESPONSE_NEW, newResult);
        } else {
            request.setAttribute("content", newResult);
        }

        // 禁用缓存
        response.setHeader("Pragma", "no-cache");
        response.setDateHeader("Expires", 0);
        response.setHeader("Cache-Control", "no-cache,no-store");
        response.setStatus(HttpServletResponse.SC_OK);
        return HttpServletResponse.SC_OK + "";
    }

在 LongPollingService 的 addLongPollingClient 中从请求中获取 AsyncContext,然后异步建立长连接

public void addLongPollingClient(HttpServletRequest req, HttpServletResponse rsp, Map<String, String> clientMd5Map,
                                     int probeRequestSize) {

        String str = req.getHeader(LongPollingService.LONG_POLLING_HEADER);
        String noHangUpFlag = req.getHeader(LongPollingService.LONG_POLLING_NO_HANG_UP_HEADER);
        String appName = req.getHeader(RequestUtil.CLIENT_APPNAME_HEADER);
        String tag = req.getHeader("Vipserver-Tag");
        int delayTime = SwitchService.getSwitchInteger(SwitchService.FIXED_DELAY_TIME, 500);
        /**
         * 提前500ms返回响应,为避免客户端超时 @qiaoyi.dingqy 2013.10.22改动  add delay time for LoadBalance
         */
        long timeout = Math.max(10000, Long.parseLong(str) - delayTime);
        if (isFixedPolling()) {
            timeout = Math.max(10000, getFixedPollingInterval());
            // do nothing but set fix polling timeout
        } else {
            long start = System.currentTimeMillis();
            List<String> changedGroups = MD5Util.compareMd5(req, rsp, clientMd5Map);
            if (changedGroups.size() > 0) {
                generateResponse(req, rsp, changedGroups);
                LogUtil.clientLog.info("{}|{}|{}|{}|{}|{}|{}",
                    System.currentTimeMillis() - start, "instant", RequestUtil.getRemoteIp(req), "polling",
                    clientMd5Map.size(), probeRequestSize, changedGroups.size());
                return;
            } else if (noHangUpFlag != null && noHangUpFlag.equalsIgnoreCase(TRUE_STR)) {
                LogUtil.clientLog.info("{}|{}|{}|{}|{}|{}|{}", System.currentTimeMillis() - start, "nohangup",
                    RequestUtil.getRemoteIp(req), "polling", clientMd5Map.size(), probeRequestSize,
                    changedGroups.size());
                return;
            }
        }
        String ip = RequestUtil.getRemoteIp(req);
        // 一定要由HTTP线程调用,否则离开后容器会立即发送响应
        final AsyncContext asyncContext = req.startAsync();
        // AsyncContext.setTimeout()的超时时间不准,所以只能自己控制
        asyncContext.setTimeout(0L);

        scheduler.execute(
            new ClientLongPolling(asyncContext, clientMd5Map, ip, probeRequestSize, timeout, appName, tag));
    }

在ClientLongPolling 中会将客户端信息添加到 长轮询订阅关系队列  中

    /**
     * 长轮询订阅关系
     */
    final Queue<ClientLongPolling> allSubs;

在  ClientLongPolling 执行时添加客户端长连接到 allSubs 中

    class ClientLongPolling implements Runnable {

        @Override
        public void run() {
            asyncTimeoutFuture = scheduler.schedule(new Runnable() {
                public void run() {
                    try {
                        getRetainIps().put(ClientLongPolling.this.ip, System.currentTimeMillis());
                        /**
                         * 删除订阅关系
                         */
                        allSubs.remove(ClientLongPolling.this);

                        if (isFixedPolling()) {
                            LogUtil.clientLog.info("{}|{}|{}|{}|{}|{}",
                                (System.currentTimeMillis() - createTime),
                                "fix", RequestUtil.getRemoteIp((HttpServletRequest)asyncContext.getRequest()),
                                "polling",
                                clientMd5Map.size(), probeRequestSize);
                            List<String> changedGroups = MD5Util.compareMd5(
                                (HttpServletRequest)asyncContext.getRequest(),
                                (HttpServletResponse)asyncContext.getResponse(), clientMd5Map);
                            if (changedGroups.size() > 0) {
                                sendResponse(changedGroups);
                            } else {
                                sendResponse(null);
                            }
                        } else {
                            LogUtil.clientLog.info("{}|{}|{}|{}|{}|{}",
                                (System.currentTimeMillis() - createTime),
                                "timeout", RequestUtil.getRemoteIp((HttpServletRequest)asyncContext.getRequest()),
                                "polling",
                                clientMd5Map.size(), probeRequestSize);
                            sendResponse(null);
                        }
                    } catch (Throwable t) {
                        LogUtil.defaultLog.error("long polling error:" + t.getMessage(), t.getCause());
                    }

                }
            }, timeoutTime, TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS);

            allSubs.add(this);
        }

        void sendResponse(List<String> changedGroups) {
            /**
             *  取消超时任务
             */
            if (null != asyncTimeoutFuture) {
                asyncTimeoutFuture.cancel(false);
            }
            generateResponse(changedGroups);
        }

        void generateResponse(List<String> changedGroups) {
            if (null == changedGroups) {
                /**
                 * 告诉容器发送HTTP响应
                 */
                asyncContext.complete();
                return;
            }

            HttpServletResponse response = (HttpServletResponse)asyncContext.getResponse();

            try {
                String respString = MD5Util.compareMd5ResultString(changedGroups);

                // 禁用缓存
                response.setHeader("Pragma", "no-cache");
                response.setDateHeader("Expires", 0);
                response.setHeader("Cache-Control", "no-cache,no-store");
                response.setStatus(HttpServletResponse.SC_OK);
                response.getWriter().println(respString);
                asyncContext.complete();
            } catch (Exception se) {
                pullLog.error(se.toString(), se);
                asyncContext.complete();
            }
        }

        ClientLongPolling(AsyncContext ac, Map<String, String> clientMd5Map, String ip, int probeRequestSize,
                          long timeoutTime, String appName, String tag) {
            this.asyncContext = ac;
            this.clientMd5Map = clientMd5Map;
            this.probeRequestSize = probeRequestSize;
            this.createTime = System.currentTimeMillis();
            this.ip = ip;
            this.timeoutTime = timeoutTime;
            this.appName = appName;
            this.tag = tag;
        }

        // =================

        final AsyncContext asyncContext;
        final Map<String, String> clientMd5Map;
        final long createTime;
        final String ip;
        final String appName;
        final String tag;
        final int probeRequestSize;
        final long timeoutTime;

        Future<?> asyncTimeoutFuture;
    }

3、配置修改发布时调用 ConfigController 的 publishConfig 接口给监听者发送消息

当用户修改配置并发布时会调用 ConfigController 的 publishConfig 方法,将配置信息入库并转发发布事件,通知建立长连接的客户端。

    /**
     * 增加或更新非聚合数据。
     *
     * @throws NacosException
     */
    @RequestMapping(method = RequestMethod.POST)
    @ResponseBody
    public Boolean publishConfig(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response,
                                 @RequestParam("dataId") String dataId, @RequestParam("group") String group,
                                 @RequestParam(value = "tenant", required = false, defaultValue = StringUtils.EMPTY)
                                     String tenant,
                                 @RequestParam("content") String content,
                                 @RequestParam(value = "tag", required = false) String tag,
                                 @RequestParam(value = "appName", required = false) String appName,
                                 @RequestParam(value = "src_user", required = false) String srcUser,
                                 @RequestParam(value = "config_tags", required = false) String configTags,
                                 @RequestParam(value = "desc", required = false) String desc,
                                 @RequestParam(value = "use", required = false) String use,
                                 @RequestParam(value = "effect", required = false) String effect,
                                 @RequestParam(value = "type", required = false) String type,
                                 @RequestParam(value = "schema", required = false) String schema)
        throws NacosException {
        final String srcIp = RequestUtil.getRemoteIp(request);
        String requestIpApp = RequestUtil.getAppName(request);
        ParamUtils.checkParam(dataId, group, "datumId", content);
        ParamUtils.checkParam(tag);

        Map<String, Object> configAdvanceInfo = new HashMap<String, Object>(10);
        if (configTags != null) {
            configAdvanceInfo.put("config_tags", configTags);
        }
        if (desc != null) {
            configAdvanceInfo.put("desc", desc);
        }
        if (use != null) {
            configAdvanceInfo.put("use", use);
        }
        if (effect != null) {
            configAdvanceInfo.put("effect", effect);
        }
        if (type != null) {
            configAdvanceInfo.put("type", type);
        }
        if (schema != null) {
            configAdvanceInfo.put("schema", schema);
        }
        ParamUtils.checkParam(configAdvanceInfo);

        if (AggrWhitelist.isAggrDataId(dataId)) {
            log.warn("[aggr-conflict] {} attemp to publish single data, {}, {}",
                RequestUtil.getRemoteIp(request), dataId, group);
            throw new NacosException(NacosException.NO_RIGHT, "dataId:" + dataId + " is aggr");
        }

        final Timestamp time = TimeUtils.getCurrentTime();
        String betaIps = request.getHeader("betaIps");
        ConfigInfo configInfo = new ConfigInfo(dataId, group, tenant, appName, content);
        if (StringUtils.isBlank(betaIps)) {
            if (StringUtils.isBlank(tag)) {
                persistService.insertOrUpdate(srcIp, srcUser, configInfo, time, configAdvanceInfo, false);
                EventDispatcher.fireEvent(new ConfigDataChangeEvent(false, dataId, group, tenant, time.getTime()));
            } else {
                persistService.insertOrUpdateTag(configInfo, tag, srcIp, srcUser, time, false);
                EventDispatcher.fireEvent(new ConfigDataChangeEvent(false, dataId, group, tenant, tag, time.getTime()));
            }
        } else { // beta publish
            persistService.insertOrUpdateBeta(configInfo, betaIps, srcIp, srcUser, time, false);
            EventDispatcher.fireEvent(new ConfigDataChangeEvent(true, dataId, group, tenant, time.getTime()));
        }
        ConfigTraceService.logPersistenceEvent(dataId, group, tenant, requestIpApp, time.getTime(),
            LOCAL_IP, ConfigTraceService.PERSISTENCE_EVENT_PUB, content);

        return true;
    }

 

在 EventDispatcher的 fireEvent 方法中会根据 根据事件类型获取所有的监听器,然后调用监听器的通知方法 onEvent

    static public void fireEvent(Event event) {
        if (null == event) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException();
        }

        for (AbstractEventListener listener : getEntry(event.getClass()).listeners) {
            try {
                listener.onEvent(event);
            } catch (Exception e) {
                log.error(e.toString(), e);
            }
        }
    }

在 最终调用AbstractEventListener 的实现类LongPollingService 的 onEvent 方法

    @Override
    public void onEvent(Event event) {
        if (isFixedPolling()) {
            // ignore
        } else {
            if (event instanceof LocalDataChangeEvent) {
                LocalDataChangeEvent evt = (LocalDataChangeEvent)event;
                scheduler.execute(new DataChangeTask(evt.groupKey, evt.isBeta, evt.betaIps));
            }
        }
    }

 在 DataChangeTask 中会从 allSubs中获取所有的长连接客户端,然后通知客户端配置变更

class DataChangeTask implements Runnable {
        @Override
        public void run() {
            try {
                ConfigService.getContentBetaMd5(groupKey);
                for (Iterator<ClientLongPolling> iter = allSubs.iterator(); iter.hasNext(); ) {
                    ClientLongPolling clientSub = iter.next();
                    if (clientSub.clientMd5Map.containsKey(groupKey)) {
                        // 如果beta发布且不在beta列表直接跳过
                        if (isBeta && !betaIps.contains(clientSub.ip)) {
                            continue;
                        }

                        // 如果tag发布且不在tag列表直接跳过
                        if (StringUtils.isNotBlank(tag) && !tag.equals(clientSub.tag)) {
                            continue;
                        }

                        getRetainIps().put(clientSub.ip, System.currentTimeMillis());
                        iter.remove(); // 删除订阅关系
                        LogUtil.clientLog.info("{}|{}|{}|{}|{}|{}|{}",
                            (System.currentTimeMillis() - changeTime),
                            "in-advance",
                            RequestUtil.getRemoteIp((HttpServletRequest)clientSub.asyncContext.getRequest()),
                            "polling",
                            clientSub.clientMd5Map.size(), clientSub.probeRequestSize, groupKey);
                        clientSub.sendResponse(Arrays.asList(groupKey));
                    }
                }
            } catch (Throwable t) {
                LogUtil.defaultLog.error("data change error:" + t.getMessage(), t.getCause());
            }
        }

        DataChangeTask(String groupKey) {
            this(groupKey, false, null);
        }

        DataChangeTask(String groupKey, boolean isBeta, List<String> betaIps) {
            this(groupKey, isBeta, betaIps, null);
        }

总结:

(1)客户端可以在启动时第一次拉取配置信息

(2)客户端可以利用 web 容器的长连接机制与服务端建立长连接,服务端将订阅轮询存放在 allSubs 队列中

(3)用户修改配置发布时会从 allSubs 中取出相关长连接客户端今天配置变更通知。

(4)客户端获取到通知之后会主动请求接口获取最新的配置信息。


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